This easy grower gets up to 80 feet tall at maturity and tolerates poor soil conditions. Red Oaks are long-lived like most oaks and prefer acidic soil that is on the dry side. Showy leaves are dark green on top and contrasted with a downy tan coating on the bottom. They don’t need much pruning but if necessary, trim them in late winter or early spring. When established, Red Oaks are drought tolerant. Their acorns take two years to mature and drop and are valued by wildlife.
White Oaks are slow growers, but at maturity reach a stately 50-100 feet tall with an equal spread. They thrive in lawn settings as long as they have adequate space in sun or partial shade. Like other oaks, they prefer acidic soil that is moist, but well-drained, but will adapt to most soil conditions and are moderately drought tolerant. They work best planted away from sidewalks and driveways as their trunks flare out at the bottom. They should be pruned in the winter or early spring before they leaf out. White Oaks also drop acorns after maturity, which wildlife loves.
Willow Oak, sometimes erroneously called Pin Oak in the Southeast is a southeastern native and is widely used in landscapes in the southern US. It has one of the fastest growth rates for an oak and is extremely drought and heat tolerant once established.
Willow Oak requires relocation during its dormant period and provides beautiful yellow fall foliage.